The Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar (RGoZ) has established policies and legislation on corruption prevention, education, and enforcement. These initiatives date back nearly forty years with the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Decree No. 4, of 1975.

The most recent legislation specifically aimed at preventing corruption is the Zanzibar Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act No. 1, of 2012. This ultimately resulted in the 2013 establishment of the Zanzibar Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Authority (ZAECA). Subsequent to these developments, relevant government agencies have intensified activities aimed at detecting and curbing corrupt practices.

However, despite the measures undertaken, corruption continues to seriously undermine the integrity of the public service system and arouse mistrust of public institutions. Increasingly, corruption has been perceived as a factor affecting the path towards development. Corruption undermines public trust in state institutions, is linked with high inequalities, and skews incentives from activities that both benefit the public and those individuals in decision-making positions. It is agreed that there is a need for a national anti-corruption strategy that could serve to organize collective efforts, implement target plans, and track progress.